Minerals play a critical role in human health, acting as essential components for numerous biological functions and processes. They are broadly classified into two categories: macrominerals and microminerals (also known as trace minerals), each group required by the body in different amounts but equally important for maintaining health and preventing disease.
Macro Minerals are needed in larger quantities and include elements like calcium, magnesium, and potassium, among others. These minerals are vital for structural components such as bones and teeth, as well as for the regulation of processes including hydration, muscle function, and nerve signaling. The proper intake of macrominerals helps in maintaining electrolyte balance and is crucial for the metabolic pathways.
Micro Minerals, although required in smaller amounts, are critical for the body's cellular functions, enzyme activities, and overall well-being. This category includes minerals like iron, iodine, and zinc, which are pivotal in oxygen transport, thyroid function, and immune response, respectively. Despite their small required quantities, a deficiency in these minerals can lead to significant health issues.